Hummer, a name that you must have heard one in your lifetime, has been one of the most sought-after off-road vehicles. The vehicle that started as a vehicle to serve American Military is also produced in civilian variants. The monstrous off-road capable military vehicle has retained its monstrous look even in the on-road street models- H1, H2, and H3. Though the vehicles have been criticized about their size, for Hummer fans, they are the best SUV in the world.
Hummer started as HMMWV short for High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle in the 1980s and has been used for military purposes. It was also called as Humwee. In 1992 came the first civilian modified version of Humwee which was named as Hummer H1 and this became the first Hummer. The Hummer H1 had designed so close to Humwee without guns and armor plates.
The original Hummer was made by AM general who wanted to make a civilian version if Humwee from as far as 1980. But the first Hummer came in 1992 which had a redesigned Humvee frame and tuned with air conditioning, sound insulation, upgraded upholstery, stereo systems, wood trim, and convenience packages. When GM bought the Hummer from AM General in 1999, they renamed the original Hummer as Hummer H1 and thus came the later models – H2 and H3. The H2 and H3 were both trimmed down version of the H1. The only difference is that H2 still retained some similarity to h1 but H3 felt like a completely new vehicle.
All Hummers including the old H1 and the later H2 and H3 has received positive reviews from enthusiasts for its size and beastly look. On road, no other vehicle can come side to side with Hummer as it takes up half of the road. Moreover, the big size also posed a problem for parking and in terms of fuel consumption, it is the fiercest of them all. But people who loved Hummer didn’t pay any attention to the fuel economy and it is a small price to pay.
The Hummer H1 came in 5 engine and transmission configurations – 6.2L V8 diesel engine with 3-speed manual transmission, 6.5L V8 Diesel with 4-speed GM 4l80-E transmission, 5.7L Vortec 5700 gasoline V8 with 4-speed transmission, 6.5L turbo diesel engine with 4-speed and 6.6L turbo Duramax LLY V8 engine with Allison 5-speed transmission. The brakes, axle, frame, tailgate, hood and quarter panels are shared with Humwee. Both H1 and Humvees were manufactured at the same assembly line at the initial stage and later diverted into two separate models.
The H2 models were powered by one of three available engine configurations – 6.0L V8 which took 10.9 seconds for 0-60, and 6.2L V8 with 393 HP attains 0-60 in 9.1 seconds. H2 came with many optional upgrades from tri-zone climate controls, cruise control, heated front and rear seats, dual memory system, leather upholstery and more. The last production model of Hummer, the H3, was produced till 2010. In terms of size and engine power, the H3 was a tuned down version of H1 and H2. Two models of H3 were available- an SUV and the H3T, which was a pickup truck. But H3 couldn’t compete with the rising oil prices and growing concern for green vehicles. And Thus Hummer production stopped in 2010 and the great automotive brand met its end.